Save
An exploratory analysis of the efficacy of cladribine tablets 3.5mg/kg in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis stratified according to age above and below 45 years in the CLARITY study
Author(s): ,
G. Giovannoni
Affiliations:
Queen Mary University of London, Blizard Institute, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, United Kingdom
,
K. Rammohan
Affiliations:
University of Miami School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, MS Research Center, Miami, FL
,
S. Cook
Affiliations:
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, United States
,
P. Soelberg-Sorensen
Affiliations:
Danish MS Center, Department of Neurology, University of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
,
P. Vermersch
Affiliations:
University of Lille, CHU Lille, LIRIC - INSERM U995, FHU Imminent, Lille, France
,
B. Keller
Affiliations:
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
E. Verdun di Cantogno
Affiliations:
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
ECTRIMS Online Library. Giovannoni G. Oct 12, 2018; 229044; P1204
Gavin Giovannoni
Gavin Giovannoni
Login now to access Regular content available to all registered users.

You may also access this content "anytime, anywhere" with the Free MULTILEARNING App for iOS and Android
Abstract
Discussion Forum (0)
Rate & Comment (0)

Abstract: P1204

Type: Poster Sessions

Abstract Category: Therapy - Immunomodulation/Immunosuppression

Introduction: In the CLARITY study, treatment with Cladribine Tablets 3.5 mg/kg (CT3.5) showed strong efficacy vs placebo (PBO) over 2 years in a large cohort of patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (RMS). Age-related variability in response to disease modifying treatments has been observed in patients with MS .
Objectives: In post hoc analyses, the effect of CT3.5mg/kg treatment was evaluated in patients with RMS above and below the age of 45 years.
Methods: The intention-to-treat population for the CT3.5 and PBO treatment groups of CLARITY was stratified according to age (≤45 and >45 years). Efficacy analyses were conducted for endpoints of qualifying relapse, all relapses, mean and cumulative numbers of new T1 gadolinium-enhancing (Gd+), active T2 and combined unique (CU) lesions.
Results: 649 patients were ≤45 years (CT3.5 N=330; median age of 34.5 years) and 221 were >45 years (CT3.5 N=103; median age of 51 years). There was a higher proportion of females in the older group (CT3.5 77.7%) than in the younger group (CT3.5 66.1%). Annualised qualifying relapse rate comparison at Week 96 showed that CT3.5 was associated with significant relative risk reduction vs PBO in both age groups (≤45 years: relative risk [RR] 0.39 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.31,0.51], p< 0.0001; >45 years: RR 0.5 [95%CI 0.31,0.80] p=0.004). 'All relapse' data were comparable for the same age groups, respectively: 0.4 [95%CI 0.34, 0.49], p< 0.0001 and 0.52 [95%CI 0.37, 0.72], p< 0.0001. The number of cumulative new T1 Gd+ lesions at Week 96 was reduced with CT3.5 compared to PBO in both age groups. The mean number of active T2 lesions per patient per scan at Week 96 was also significantly reduced with CT3.5 versus PBO in both age groups (≤45 years: -0.667 [95%CI -0.67, -0.50], p< 0.0001; >45 years: -0.167 [95%CI -0.33, 0.00], p< 0.0001), as were mean number of CU lesions per patient per scan (≤45 years: -0.667 [95%CI -1.00, -0.67] p< 0.0001; >45 years; -0.333 [95%CI -0.33, 0.00] p< 0.0001).
Conclusions: CT3.5 treatment was efficacious in patients both above and below 45 years of age with respect to reduction of relapse frequency and number of MRI lesions, consistent with previous similar analyses.
The CLARITY study: NCT00213135
Disclosure: This study was sponsored by EMD Serono Inc, a business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany (in the USA), and Merck Serono SA, Geneva, an affiliate of Merck KGaA Darmstadt, Germany (ROW).Author disclosures GG has received speaker honoraria and consulting fees from Abbvie, Atara Bio, Bayer Schering Pharma, Biogen Idec FivePrime, GlaxoSmithKline, GW Pharma, Merck, Pfizer Inc, Protein Discovery Laboratories, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Sanofi-Genzyme, UCB, Vertex Pharmaceuticals, Ironwood, and Novartis; and has received research support unrelated to this study from Biogen Idec, Merck, Novartis, and Ironwood. KR has received honoraria for lectures and steering committee meetings from EMD Serono, Biogen Idec, Sanofi-Aventis, Genzyme, Novartis, Teva Neurosciences, Acorda and Roche/Genentech. SC has received honoraria for lectures/consultations from Merck Serono, Bayer HealthCare, Sanofi-Aventis, Neurology Reviews, Biogen Idec, Teva Pharmaceuticals, and Actinobac Biomed Inc.; has served on advisory boards for Bayer HealthCare, Merck, Actinobac Biomed, Teva Pharmaceuticals, and Biogen Idec; and received grant support from Bayer HealthCare. PSS has served on advisory boards for Biogen, Merck, Novartis, Teva, MedDay Pharmaceuticals, and GSK; on steering committees or independent data monitoring boards in trials sponsored by Merck, Teva, GSK, and Novartis; has received speaker honoraria from Biogen Idec, Merck Serono, Teva, Sanofi-Aventis, Genzyme, and Novartis. His department has received research support from Biogen, Merck, Teva, Novartis, Roche, and Genzyme. PV has received honoraria or consulting fees from Biogen, Sanofi-Genzyme, Bayer, Novartis, Merck, GSK, Roche and Almirall; and research support from Biogen, Sanofi-Genzyme, Bayer, and Merck. BK and EVdC are employees of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Code of conduct/disclaimer available in General Terms & Conditions
Anonymous User Privacy Preferences

Strictly Necessary Cookies (Always Active)

MULTILEARNING platforms and tools hereinafter referred as “MLG SOFTWARE” are provided to you as pure educational platforms/services requiring cookies to operate. In the case of the MLG SOFTWARE, cookies are essential for the Platform to function properly for the provision of education. If these cookies are disabled, a large subset of the functionality provided by the Platform will either be unavailable or cease to work as expected. The MLG SOFTWARE do not capture non-essential activities such as menu items and listings you click on or pages viewed.


Performance Cookies

Performance cookies are used to analyse how visitors use a website in order to provide a better user experience.



Google Analytics is used for user behavior tracking/reporting. Google Analytics works in parallel and independently from MLG’s features. Google Analytics relies on cookies and these cookies can be used by Google to track users across different platforms/services.


Save Settings