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“Keep going!” Symptoms of depression, sleep disturbances, fatigue and anxiety improved 12 weeks after exercising and active leisure time activity, but decreased further 16 weeks later - evidence for a continuous exercising program
Author(s): ,
D. Sadeghi Bahmani
Affiliations:
Psychiatric Clinics (UPK), Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders (ZASS), University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; Sleep Disorders Research Center; Substance Abuse Prevention Research Center
,
M. Alikhani
Affiliations:
Substance Abuse Prevention Research Center
,
N. Razazian
Affiliations:
Neurology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Islamic Republic of Iran
,
V. Farnia
Affiliations:
Substance Abuse Prevention Research Center
,
M. Gerber
Affiliations:
Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Division of Sport Science and Psychosocial Health
,
U.E. Lang
Affiliations:
Psychiatric Clinics (UPK), University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
,
E. Holsboer-Trachsler
Affiliations:
Psychiatric Clinics (UPK), Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders (ZASS), University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
S. Brand
Affiliations:
Psychiatric Clinics (UPK), Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders (ZASS), University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; Substance Abuse Prevention Research Center; Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Division of Sport Science and Psychosocial Health
ECTRIMS Online Library. Sadeghi Bahmani D. Oct 12, 2018; 229114
Dena Sadeghi Bahmani
Dena Sadeghi Bahmani
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Abstract: P1274

Type: Poster Sessions

Abstract Category: Therapy - Symptomatic treatment

Background: There is increasing evidence that regular physical activity improves dimensions of quality of life among patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). While most interventions last for 8 to 12 weeks, their long-term effects on psychological functioning and sleep were not investigated so far. The aim of the present study was accordingly, to investigate the long-term effects of coordinative exercising, workout and an active control condition (handcrafting, leisure time activity) on symptoms of depression, fatigue, and sleep, once the interventions were completed.
Methods: A total of 56 female patients (mean age: M = 34.5 years) took part in the study, who were randomly assigned either to the workout group, the coordinative group, or to the active control condition (handcrafting, leisure time activities). The intervention lasted eight weeks, for three sessions per week. Next, two follow-up assessments were performed 4 weeks and 20 weeks after study completion. At baseline, at the end of the study, and at the two follow-ups, participants completed a series of self-rating questionnaire focusing on depression, fatigue, and sleep quality.
Results: Depression, paresthesia, and sleep quality improved over time from baseline to the end of the study, and improvements were observable even 4 weeks after study completion. However, symptoms increased again at the second follow-up 20 weeks after study completion. No group differences were observed.
Conclusions: The pattern of results suggests that an 8-weeks exercising program improved depression, fatigue and sleep, and that these improvements remained stable four weeks after study completion, but not 20 weeks after study completion. Accordingly, continuous exercising appears to be of upmost importance for keeping symptoms of depression, fatigue and sleep disturbances stably low. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to show that regular exercising dramatically increases the chances to favorably impact on patients' psychological functioning and sleep.
Disclosure: Nothing to disclose

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