Employment outcomes in paediatric onset MS
ECTRIMS Online Library. Haas J. Sep 11, 2019; 278739; P378
Judith Haas
Judith Haas
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Abstract

Abstract: P378

Type: Poster Sessions

Abstract Category: Clinical aspects of MS - Paediatric MS

A. Stahmann1, P. Flachenecker2, F. Fneish1, C. Kleinschnitz3, D. Pöhlau4,5, O. Rienhoff6, U.K. Zettl7, J. Haas5,8, on behalf of the German MS Register by the German MS Society

1German MS-Register by DMSG, MS Forschungs- und Projektentwicklungs-gGmbH, Hannover, 2Neurological Rehabilitation Center Quellenhof, Bad Wildbad, 3Department of Neurology, University Hospital Essen, Essen, 4German Red Cross Camillus Clinic, Asbach, 5German MS Society, Hannover, 6Department of Medical Informatics, University Medical Center Göttingen, Georg-August-University, Göttingen, 7Neurological Clinic, Section Neuro-Immunology, University Rostock, Rostock, 8MS Center, Jewish Hospital, Berlin, Germany

Introduction: Paediatric onset MS, defined by first symptom before the age of 18, often comes with high levels of disease activity. Life-threatening disease courses and so called break through MS are more common than in adult onset MS. Often relapses remit completely, whereas neuropsychological deficits are more relevant compared to young adults.
Aim: This study aims to provide quantitative and qualitative analysis on long-term employment outcomes for paediatric onset MS in Germany.
Methods: Data [export data: 06.02.2019] on 21,124 PwMS from the German MS-Register was analysed. All patients were included after their 18th birthday. 929 (4,4%) had childhood onset. Descriptive analyses were performed using R and group comparisons were done using Chi²-Tests, considering p-values< 0.001 statistically significant.
Results: Mean age of onset (MA) within the paediatric onset group (pOMS), was 15.21 (±2.39) compared to 33,7 (±10,2) years within the adult onset group (aOMS). The mean disease duration (DD) for pOMS was 20,2 (±12,74) years, the median EDSS 2,5. For aOMS mean DD was 13,2 (±9,74) years and median EDSS 2,5. With 2.8%** compared to 0.93% pOMS did significantly more often not finish any school at all compared to aOMS. Furthermore 14.9%** of pOMS (compared to 5.64% in aOMS) did not finish any job training or university at all.
Conclusions: Our analysis showed that patients with paediatric onset MS are significantly more often not able to finish a school degree nor any job or university training. While their EDSS does not show major impairment (below or equal 3.0) for most of them even after 20-25 years DD (47%), thus implying good coping mechanisms in regard to the MS, their onset symptoms are more likely to be neuropsychological which is reflected in the reduced numbers of finished school and job trainings. This may be due to the fact that MS afflicted a developing brain. Effective therapy at onset might be helpful to prevent these consequences.
Disclosure: FF, OR: nothing to disclose
PF has received speaker´s fees and honoraria for advisory boards from Almirall, Bayer, Biogen, Genzyme, Merck-Serono, Novartis, Roche and Teva. He has participated in pharmaceutical company sponsored trials by Almirall, Biogen Idec and Novartis. None resulted in a conflict of interest.
JH has received compensation from Almirall, Allergan, Biogen, Bayer, HOFFMANN La Roche, Merck, Novartis, Octapharma and Teva. None resulted in a conflict of interest.
CK has received speaker´s fees and honoraria for advisory boards from Biogen, Merck Serono, Bayer, Teva, Novartis, Medday, Mylan, Genzyme, Almirall und Roche; None resulted in a conflict of interest. RP received honorary for lectures and consultancy from Biogen, Daiichi-Sankyo, Merck, Novartis, Roche, Sanofi-Genzyme, Shire, Teva. He received research grants from Biogen, Merck, Roche. None resulted in a conflict of interest.
UKZ has received speaking fees, travel support and /or financial support for research activities from Almirall, Bayer, Biogen, Merck Serono, Novartis, Roche, Sanofi Genzyme, Teva as well as EU, BMBF, BMWi and DFG. None related to this work.
AS has received institutional research grants from Merck and Novartis. None resulted in a conflict of interest.

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